Exposure information for Soviet-made amateur cine cameras

 

You have a camera made in the USSR (Soviet Union) and probably its exposure metering is out-of-work or you don't trust on it, and its manual is lost... So, you decided to use manual exposure, but what are the exposure times for specific frame rates (fps = frames per second)? Here is my answer:

 

 

Kiev 16mm Cine Cameras (Made by Kievskiy Zavod AVTOMATIKI imeni G. I. PETROVSKOGO (Kiev Automatics Factory named after G. I. Petrovsky)

 Kiev Automatics Factory named after G. I. Petrovsky
 

* Kiev 16 E киев 16 Э

 

Filming Speed, fps

16

24

32

Exposure Time, sec

1/36

1/54

1/72

 

Power supply: Battery TsNK-0,45 or TsNK-0,85 6-8Volts for drive; Charging at 127 or 220Volts via special charger

 

 

* Kiev 16 U киев 16 У

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

16

24

32

48

64

Exposure Time, sec

1/27

1/36

1/54

1/72

1/108

1/144

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

Black body color is more common

 

* Kiev 16 U Model E киев 16 У модель Э

 

Filming Speed, fps

16

24

32

Exposure Time, sec

1/36

1/54

1/72

 

Power supply: Six ЦНК-0,45 (TsNK-0,45) or ЦНК-0,85 (TsNK-0,85) batteries in a special plastic battery pack box (total of 6~8VDC will work) for drive; Charging at 127 or 220VAC via a special charger and AC adapter seen in the picture

 

 

* Kiev 16 Alpha Киев 16 Альфа

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

16

24

32

Single frame

Exposure Time, sec

1/26

1/34

1/51

1/68

1/40

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

 

 

Kvarts or Quarz 8mm Cine Cameras (Made by KMZ Krasnogorskiy Mekhanicheskiy Zavod imeni S. A. Zvereva = Krasnogorsk Mechanical Works named after S. A. Zverev)

 

* Kvarts 2M (Film used: 2X8 = Double 8 = D8) кварц 2M

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

16

24

32

48

Single frame at 16fps (Mode selector should be turned to 1)

Exposure Time, sec

1/24

1/32

1/48

1/64

1/96

1/20

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 5 (Film used: 2X8 = Double 8 = D8) кварц 5

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

16

24

32

48

Single frame at 16fps (Mode selector should be turned to 1)

Exposure Time, sec

1/23

1/30

1/46

1/60

1/92

1/20

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 2X8S-1 (Film used: 2X8Super = Double Super8 = DS8) кварц 2X8C-1

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

18

24

48

Single frame at 18fps (Mode selector should be turned to 1)

Exposure Time, sec

1/23

 


1/46

1/96

1/20

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 2X8S-1M (Film used: 2X8Super = Double Super8 = DS8) кварц 2X8C-1M

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

18

24

48

Single frame

Exposure Time, sec

1/23

1/34

1/46

1/92

1/34

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 2X8S-3 (Film used: 2X8Super = Double Super8 = DS8) кварц 2X8C-3

 

Filming Speed, fps

12

18

24

36

Single frame at 18fps (Mode selector should be turned to 1)

Exposure Time, sec

1/23

1/34

1/45

1/68

1/20

 

No power supply - spring driven

 

Above filters were common supplied accessories found in all makes.

Older makes were included also TC-6 filter which is a color conversion filter, using Tungsten film (Type A) outdoors. When used, use the small neutral density filter H-4X on the exposure meter window for proper exposure metering!

 

 

 If you have no small filters to place on the exposure meter window, do as follows:
(as the filter absorbs the light density)

 

 

When H-4X on the taking lens is used, open the iris 2 stops on the exposure meter dial (e.g. if it gives 8, stop down to 4)
Yellow   1 stop
(TC-6   2 stops)

 

Another (automatic) method is useful to cheat the exposure meter by altering the film speed dial (GOST/DIN) other than for the actual film used, but no data is given in the manual.

 

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 1X8S-1 (Film used: Super8 cartridge) кварц 1X8C-1

 

Filming Speed, fps

8

12

18

24

32

Single frame

Exposure Time, sec

1/16

1/24

1/36

1/48

1/64

1/20

 

Power supply two РЦ-53 (RTs-53) cells for exposure metering only - spring driven

 

Black color on the front plate is more common

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 1X8S-2 (Film used: Super8 cartridge) кварц 1X8C-2

 

Filming Speed, fps

8

12

18

24

32

Single frame

Exposure Time, sec

1/16

1/24

1/36

1/48

1/64

1/20

 

Power supply two РЦ-53 (RTs-53) cells for exposure metering only - spring driven

 

 

* Kvarts (Quarz) 8XL (Film used: Super8 cartridge) кварц 8XL

 

Filming Speed, fps

9

18

24

Single frame

Exposure Time, sec

1/15

1/30

1/40

1/15

 

Power supply six AA batteries for exposure metering and electric drive

 

Correct Battery Polarities

(Improper polarities will burn the electronics in the camera, if you try to press on the trigger button several times, as well as keep pressing longer. BEWARE of this and check again!)

 

Krasnogorsk 16mm Cine Cameras (Made by KMZ Krasnogorskiy Mekhanicheskiy Zavod imeni S. A. Zvereva = Krasnogorsk Mechanical Works named after S. A. Zverev)

 

 

* Krasnogorsk Красногорск

 

Filming Speed, fps

8

12

16

24

32

48

Exposure Time, sec

1/19

1/29

1/38

1/58

1/76

1/116

 

Power supply two РЦ-53 (RTs-53) cells for exposure metering only - spring driven

 

 

* Krasnogorsk Красногорск-2

 

Filming Speed, fps

8

12

16

24

32

48

Single frame at 24fps (by using cable release)

Exposure Time, sec

1/20

1/30

1/40

1/60

1/80

1/120

 

 

Power supply two РЦ-53 (RTs-53) cells when the camera built with СФ2-2 (SF2-2) photo resistor or one РЦ-55 (RTs-55) cell when the camera built with СФ2-5 (SF2-5) photo resistor for exposure metering only - spring driven

 

Black body color of K-3 is more common

 

 

* Krasnogorsk Красногорск-3/3M/4 3M and 4 are very rare!

 

Filming Speed, fps

8

12

16

24

32

48

Single frame at 16fps (by using cable release)

Exposure Time, sec

1/20

1/30

1/40

1/60

1/80

1/120

1/30

 

Power supply one РЦ-55 (RTs-55) cell for exposure metering only - spring driven

 

 

 

 AVRORA or LOMO 8mm Cine Cameras (Made by LOMO Leningradskiy Optiko-Mekhanicheskiy Obyedineniye imeni V. I. Lenina = Leningrad Optical-Mechanical Amalgamation named after V. I. Lenin)

 

 

* AVRORA/LOMO АВРОРА/ЛОМО-214/215 (Film used: Super8 cartridge) - All manual zoom

Auto exposure capability thru the EE (Electric Eye/Non-TTL)

 

Filming Speed, fps

18

Exposure Time, sec

1/48

 

Power supply four AA batteries for exposure metering and electric drive

 

* AVRORA/LOMO АВРОРА/ЛОМО-216/217/218/219 (Film used: Super8 cartridge) - All fix focus

Auto exposure capability thru the EE (Electric Eye/Non-TTL)  

 

Filming Speed, fps

18

Exposure Time, sec

1/48

 

Power supply four AA batteries for exposure metering and electric drive

 

 

External battery pack for the cold climates as in the USSR



 

 The cells and batteries (elements in Russian) used in the built-in exposure meters
 
РЦ-53 (RTs-53) 1.2V/0.3Ah used in Quarz and Krasnogorsk cameras
 
 
РЦ-55 (RTs-55) 1.3V/0.5Ah used in Krasnogorsk cameras
 
 
ЦНК-0,45 (TsNK-0,45) 1.25V 0,45Ah or ЦНК-0,85 1.25V 0,85Ah used in Kiev 16 U Model E cameras
  

  
Source: Instruction manuals & brochures in Russian and English (all are obtained by correspondence with the makers years ago) unless otherwise indicated.

 

 The colorful larger images are courtesy of V/O TECHNOINTORG and VNESHPOSYLTORG, Moscow.

The rest of the images are courtesy of Mr. Olexandr Kalynychenko, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. 

 

If you wish to add information or update and ask a question, please contact me.

 

This page is dedicated to the beautiful Soviet women!

AfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDetect languageDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddishAfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddish
Detect language » Turkish
AfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDetect languageDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddishAfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddish
Detect language » Turkish
AfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDetect languageDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddishAfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddish
Detect language » Turkish
AfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDetect languageDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddishAfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDutchEnglishEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseKoreanLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddish
Detect language » Turkish